What is Ativan?

what is Ativan ?

What is Ativan

Avitan is that the name for lorazepam. It’s most ordinarily wont to treat anxiety disorders, but also can be used for people experiencing nausea, muscle spasms, and difficulty sleeping.
Ativan (lorazepam) is during a class of medication called benzodiazepines. it’s available as a prescription . It’s approved within the U.S. for the subsequent treatments:
• Short-term relief of symptoms from anxiety disorders and anxiety-associated depression
• Management of hysteria disorders

Ativan belongs to the drug class referred to as benzodiazepines, which create a relaxing effect by slowing brain activity.
Note: it  isn’t a narcotic. generally , benzodiazepines cause sedative effects, whereas narcotics reduce the perception of pain. They do, however, have similar side effects, including addictive qualities if taken irresponsibly or for long-term use. it’s a drug thanks to its addiction potential.
Ativan may be a prescription and is out there in its generic form (lorazepam) at a lower cost. it’s not available for purchase over the counter without a prescription.

What is Ativan used for?

It is primarily wont to treat anxiety disorders, but it works for other medical conditions and symptoms including:
• Nausea from cancer treatment or alcohol withdrawal
• Muscle spasms
• Insomnia and sleeping difficulties, usually associated with stress and anxiety
• Status epilepticus (severe seizures)
• Sedation before surgery or a procedure
When someone is experiencing general mental disorder (GAD), anxiety symptoms can include:
• Restlessness
• Muscle tension
• Irritability
• Poor sleep
• Difficulty concentrating
• Panic attacks

Effects on anxiety?

Ativan may be a central nervous system depressant. Its active ingredient, lorazepam, reduces the activity of nerves within the brain liable for anxiety, tensions, seizures, and other symptoms. To do so, it enhances the consequences of a neurotransmitter within the brain called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which successively decreases the activity of specific brain nerves which will cause anxiety.

Does Ativan assist you sleep?

Ativan may be a prescription sleep aid, too, thanks to its calming effects. However, some doctors could also be hesitant to prescribe benzodiazepines purely for sleep and insomnia. they will reduce the time spent in deep sleep—an essential sleep stage for feeling rested subsequent morning. Additionally, abruptly stopping a benzodiazepine may cause a patient to rebound into a sleeping problem that’s potentially worse than it had been before taking the medication.

Dosage

If your healthcare provider decides you’re the proper candidate for Ativan, they’ll prescribe it within the sort of an oral tablet or an injectable solution. A doctor or nurse must administer the injectable sort of Ativan.
As with many anxiety medications, your physician will likely start you on a lower dosage and increase it as required . It’s important to require benzodiazepines only as prescribed. Never take higher doses of Ativan without the guidance of your healthcare provider.
Depression

For some people, Ativan could exacerbate depression symptoms. Ativan may be a central systema nervosum depressant. When it builds up in your system or if you’re taking it at high doses, it’s possible for depression to worsen and even end in suicidal thoughts or feelings. The drug information outlined within the package insert indicates Ativan should only be utilized in patients with depression when the patient is additionally on antidepressant treatment.

DosingTOP

 

The dose of this medicine are going to be different for various patients. Follow your doctor’s orders or the directions on the label. the subsequent information includes only the typical doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, don’t change it unless your doctor tells you to try to to so.
The amount of drugs that you simply take depends on the strength of the drugs . Also, the amount of doses you’re taking every day , the time allowed between doses, and therefore the length of your time you’re taking the drugs depend upon the medical problem that you’re using the drugs .
• For oral dosage form (oral solution):
o For anxiety:
• Adults and youngsters 12 years aged and older—2 to six milligrams (mg) in divided doses per day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as required .
• Older adults—At first, 1 to 2 mg in divided doses per day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as required .
• Children younger than 12 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
• For oral dosage form (tablets):
o For anxiety:
• Adults and youngsters 12 years aged and older—At first, 2 to three milligrams (mg) in divided doses per day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as required .
• Older adults—At first, 1 to 2 mg in divided doses per day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as required and tolerated.
• Children younger than 12 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
o For insomnia caused by anxiety or transient situational stress:
• Adults and youngsters 12 years aged and older—2 to 4 milligrams (mg) taken as one dose at bedtime. Your doctor may adjust your dose as required .
• Children younger than 12 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Common side effects

Ativan’s side effects tend to be more severe with higher doses. a number of the foremost common side effects include:
• Dizziness
• Drowsiness or sleepiness
• Sedation
• Lightheadedness
• Unsteadiness
• Decreased ability to concentrate
• Muscle weakness
• Dry mouth

Ativan also can cause sleep disturbances, male erectile dysfunction , and changes in appetite.
Ativan works by calming the nervous system to balance activity within the brain, promoting a soothing , calming effect. It also raises dopamine, and when taken in high doses, feel-good neurotransmitters within the brain increase, causing a euphoric feeling, which is one among the explanations it’s addictive.

 

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